SURF feature detector in CSharp

From Emgu CV: OpenCV in .NET (C#, VB, C++ and more)
Jump to: navigation, search

This project is part of the Emgu.CV.Example solution

System Requirement

Component Requirement Detail
Emgu CV Version 2.4.0 +
Operation System Cross Platform

Source Code

Emgu CV 3.x

Click to view source code

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using Emgu.CV;
using Emgu.CV.CvEnum;
using Emgu.CV.Features2D;
using Emgu.CV.Structure;
using Emgu.CV.Util;
#if !__IOS__
using Emgu.CV.Cuda;
#endif
using Emgu.CV.XFeatures2D;
 
namespace SURFFeatureExample
{
   public static class DrawMatches
   {
      public static void FindMatch(Mat modelImage, Mat observedImage, out long matchTime, out VectorOfKeyPoint modelKeyPoints, out VectorOfKeyPoint observedKeyPoints, VectorOfVectorOfDMatch matches, out Mat mask, out Mat homography)
      {
         int k = 2;
         double uniquenessThreshold = 0.8;
         double hessianThresh = 300;
 
         Stopwatch watch;
         homography = null;
 
         modelKeyPoints = new VectorOfKeyPoint();
         observedKeyPoints = new VectorOfKeyPoint();
 
         #if !__IOS__
         if ( CudaInvoke.HasCuda)
         {
            CudaSURF surfCuda = new CudaSURF((float) hessianThresh);
            using (GpuMat gpuModelImage = new GpuMat(modelImage))
            //extract features from the object image
            using (GpuMat gpuModelKeyPoints = surfCuda.DetectKeyPointsRaw(gpuModelImage, null))
            using (GpuMat gpuModelDescriptors = surfCuda.ComputeDescriptorsRaw(gpuModelImage, null, gpuModelKeyPoints))
            using (CudaBFMatcher matcher = new CudaBFMatcher(DistanceType.L2))
            {
               surfCuda.DownloadKeypoints(gpuModelKeyPoints, modelKeyPoints);
               watch = Stopwatch.StartNew();
 
               // extract features from the observed image
               using (GpuMat gpuObservedImage = new GpuMat(observedImage))
               using (GpuMat gpuObservedKeyPoints = surfCuda.DetectKeyPointsRaw(gpuObservedImage, null))
               using (GpuMat gpuObservedDescriptors = surfCuda.ComputeDescriptorsRaw(gpuObservedImage, null, gpuObservedKeyPoints))
               //using (GpuMat tmp = new GpuMat())
               //using (Stream stream = new Stream())
               {
                  matcher.KnnMatch(gpuObservedDescriptors, gpuModelDescriptors, matches, k);
 
                  surfCuda.DownloadKeypoints(gpuObservedKeyPoints, observedKeyPoints);
 
                  mask = new Mat(matches.Size, 1, DepthType.Cv8U, 1);
                  mask.SetTo(new MCvScalar(255));
                  Features2DToolbox.VoteForUniqueness(matches, uniquenessThreshold, mask);
 
                  int nonZeroCount = CvInvoke.CountNonZero(mask);
                  if (nonZeroCount >= 4)
                  {
                     nonZeroCount = Features2DToolbox.VoteForSizeAndOrientation(modelKeyPoints, observedKeyPoints,
                        matches, mask, 1.5, 20);
                     if (nonZeroCount >= 4)
                        homography = Features2DToolbox.GetHomographyMatrixFromMatchedFeatures(modelKeyPoints,
                           observedKeyPoints, matches, mask, 2);
                  }
               }
                  watch.Stop();
               }
            }
         else
         #endif
         {
            using (UMat uModelImage = modelImage.ToUMat(AccessType.Read))
            using (UMat uObservedImage = observedImage.ToUMat(AccessType.Read))
            {
               SURF surfCPU = new SURF(hessianThresh);
               //extract features from the object image
               UMat modelDescriptors = new UMat();
               surfCPU.DetectAndCompute(uModelImage, null, modelKeyPoints, modelDescriptors, false);
 
               watch = Stopwatch.StartNew();
 
               // extract features from the observed image
               UMat observedDescriptors = new UMat();
               surfCPU.DetectAndCompute(uObservedImage, null, observedKeyPoints, observedDescriptors, false);
               BFMatcher matcher = new BFMatcher(DistanceType.L2);
               matcher.Add(modelDescriptors);
 
               matcher.KnnMatch(observedDescriptors, matches, k, null);
               mask = new Mat(matches.Size, 1, DepthType.Cv8U, 1);
               mask.SetTo(new MCvScalar(255));
               Features2DToolbox.VoteForUniqueness(matches, uniquenessThreshold, mask);
 
               int nonZeroCount = CvInvoke.CountNonZero(mask);
               if (nonZeroCount >= 4)
               {
                  nonZeroCount = Features2DToolbox.VoteForSizeAndOrientation(modelKeyPoints, observedKeyPoints,
                     matches, mask, 1.5, 20);
                  if (nonZeroCount >= 4)
                     homography = Features2DToolbox.GetHomographyMatrixFromMatchedFeatures(modelKeyPoints,
                        observedKeyPoints, matches, mask, 2);
               }
 
               watch.Stop();
            }
         }
         matchTime = watch.ElapsedMilliseconds;
      }
 
      /// <summary>
      /// Draw the model image and observed image, the matched features and homography projection.
      /// </summary>
      /// <param name="modelImage">The model image</param>
      /// <param name="observedImage">The observed image</param>
      /// <param name="matchTime">The output total time for computing the homography matrix.</param>
      /// <returns>The model image and observed image, the matched features and homography projection.</returns>
      public static Mat Draw(Mat modelImage, Mat observedImage, out long matchTime)
      {
         Mat homography;
         VectorOfKeyPoint modelKeyPoints;
         VectorOfKeyPoint observedKeyPoints;
         using (VectorOfVectorOfDMatch matches = new VectorOfVectorOfDMatch())
         {
            Mat mask;
            FindMatch(modelImage, observedImage, out matchTime, out modelKeyPoints, out observedKeyPoints, matches,
               out mask, out homography);
 
            //Draw the matched keypoints
            Mat result = new Mat();
            Features2DToolbox.DrawMatches(modelImage, modelKeyPoints, observedImage, observedKeyPoints,
               matches, result, new MCvScalar(255, 255, 255), new MCvScalar(255, 255, 255), mask);
 
            #region draw the projected region on the image
 
            if (homography != null)
            {
               //draw a rectangle along the projected model
               Rectangle rect = new Rectangle(Point.Empty, modelImage.Size);
               PointF[] pts = new PointF[]
               {
                  new PointF(rect.Left, rect.Bottom),
                  new PointF(rect.Right, rect.Bottom),
                  new PointF(rect.Right, rect.Top),
                  new PointF(rect.Left, rect.Top)
               };
               pts = CvInvoke.PerspectiveTransform(pts, homography);
 
               Point[] points = Array.ConvertAll<PointF, Point>(pts, Point.Round);
               using (VectorOfPoint vp = new VectorOfPoint(points))
               {
                  CvInvoke.Polylines(result, vp, true, new MCvScalar(255, 0, 0, 255), 5);
               }
 
            }
 
            #endregion
 
            return result;
 
         }
      }
   }
}

Emgu CV 2.x

Click to view source code

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using Emgu.CV;
using Emgu.CV.CvEnum;
using Emgu.CV.Features2D;
using Emgu.CV.Structure;
using Emgu.CV.Util;
using Emgu.CV.GPU;
 
namespace SURFFeatureExample
{
   public static class DrawMatches
   {
      /// <summary>
      /// Draw the model image and observed image, the matched features and homography projection.
      /// </summary>
      /// <param name="modelImage">The model image</param>
      /// <param name="observedImage">The observed image</param>
      /// <param name="matchTime">The output total time for computing the homography matrix.</param>
      /// <returns>The model image and observed image, the matched features and homography projection.</returns>
      public static Image<Bgr, Byte> Draw(Image<Gray, Byte> modelImage, Image<Gray, byte> observedImage, out long matchTime)
      {
         Stopwatch watch;
         HomographyMatrix homography = null;
 
         SURFDetector surfCPU = new SURFDetector(500, false);
         VectorOfKeyPoint modelKeyPoints;
         VectorOfKeyPoint observedKeyPoints;
         Matrix<int> indices;
 
         Matrix<byte> mask;
         int k = 2;
         double uniquenessThreshold = 0.8;
         if (GpuInvoke.HasCuda)
         {
            GpuSURFDetector surfGPU = new GpuSURFDetector(surfCPU.SURFParams, 0.01f);
            using (GpuImage<Gray, Byte> gpuModelImage = new GpuImage<Gray, byte>(modelImage))
            //extract features from the object image
            using (GpuMat<float> gpuModelKeyPoints = surfGPU.DetectKeyPointsRaw(gpuModelImage, null))
            using (GpuMat<float> gpuModelDescriptors = surfGPU.ComputeDescriptorsRaw(gpuModelImage, null, gpuModelKeyPoints))
            using (GpuBruteForceMatcher<float> matcher = new GpuBruteForceMatcher<float>(DistanceType.L2))
            {
               modelKeyPoints = new VectorOfKeyPoint();
               surfGPU.DownloadKeypoints(gpuModelKeyPoints, modelKeyPoints);
               watch = Stopwatch.StartNew();
 
               // extract features from the observed image
               using (GpuImage<Gray, Byte> gpuObservedImage = new GpuImage<Gray, byte>(observedImage))
               using (GpuMat<float> gpuObservedKeyPoints = surfGPU.DetectKeyPointsRaw(gpuObservedImage, null))
               using (GpuMat<float> gpuObservedDescriptors = surfGPU.ComputeDescriptorsRaw(gpuObservedImage, null, gpuObservedKeyPoints))
               using (GpuMat<int> gpuMatchIndices = new GpuMat<int>(gpuObservedDescriptors.Size.Height, k, 1, true))
               using (GpuMat<float> gpuMatchDist = new GpuMat<float>(gpuObservedDescriptors.Size.Height, k, 1, true))
               using (GpuMat<Byte> gpuMask = new GpuMat<byte>(gpuMatchIndices.Size.Height, 1, 1))
               using (Stream stream = new Stream())
               {
                  matcher.KnnMatchSingle(gpuObservedDescriptors, gpuModelDescriptors, gpuMatchIndices, gpuMatchDist, k, null, stream);
                  indices = new Matrix<int>(gpuMatchIndices.Size);
                  mask = new Matrix<byte>(gpuMask.Size);
 
                  //gpu implementation of voteForUniquess
                  using (GpuMat<float> col0 = gpuMatchDist.Col(0))
                  using (GpuMat<float> col1 = gpuMatchDist.Col(1))
                  {
                     GpuInvoke.Multiply(col1, new MCvScalar(uniquenessThreshold), col1, stream);
                     GpuInvoke.Compare(col0, col1, gpuMask, CMP_TYPE.CV_CMP_LE, stream);
                  }
 
                  observedKeyPoints = new VectorOfKeyPoint();
                  surfGPU.DownloadKeypoints(gpuObservedKeyPoints, observedKeyPoints);
 
                  //wait for the stream to complete its tasks
                  //We can perform some other CPU intesive stuffs here while we are waiting for the stream to complete.
                  stream.WaitForCompletion();
 
                  gpuMask.Download(mask);
                  gpuMatchIndices.Download(indices);
 
                  if (GpuInvoke.CountNonZero(gpuMask) >= 4)
                  {
                     int nonZeroCount = Features2DToolbox.VoteForSizeAndOrientation(modelKeyPoints, observedKeyPoints, indices, mask, 1.5, 20);
                     if (nonZeroCount >= 4)
                        homography = Features2DToolbox.GetHomographyMatrixFromMatchedFeatures(modelKeyPoints, observedKeyPoints, indices, mask, 2);
                  }
 
                  watch.Stop();
               }
            }
         } else
         {
            //extract features from the object image
            modelKeyPoints = surfCPU.DetectKeyPointsRaw(modelImage, null);
            Matrix<float> modelDescriptors = surfCPU.ComputeDescriptorsRaw(modelImage, null, modelKeyPoints);
 
            watch = Stopwatch.StartNew();
 
            // extract features from the observed image
            observedKeyPoints = surfCPU.DetectKeyPointsRaw(observedImage, null);
            Matrix<float> observedDescriptors = surfCPU.ComputeDescriptorsRaw(observedImage, null, observedKeyPoints);
            BruteForceMatcher<float> matcher = new BruteForceMatcher<float>(DistanceType.L2);
            matcher.Add(modelDescriptors);
 
            indices = new Matrix<int>(observedDescriptors.Rows, k);
            using (Matrix<float> dist = new Matrix<float>(observedDescriptors.Rows, k))
            {
               matcher.KnnMatch(observedDescriptors, indices, dist, k, null);
               mask = new Matrix<byte>(dist.Rows, 1);
               mask.SetValue(255);
               Features2DToolbox.VoteForUniqueness(dist, uniquenessThreshold, mask);
            }
 
            int nonZeroCount = CvInvoke.cvCountNonZero(mask);
            if (nonZeroCount >= 4)
            {
               nonZeroCount = Features2DToolbox.VoteForSizeAndOrientation(modelKeyPoints, observedKeyPoints, indices, mask, 1.5, 20);
               if (nonZeroCount >= 4)
                  homography = Features2DToolbox.GetHomographyMatrixFromMatchedFeatures(modelKeyPoints, observedKeyPoints, indices, mask, 2);
            }
 
            watch.Stop();
         }
 
         //Draw the matched keypoints
         Image<Bgr, Byte> result = Features2DToolbox.DrawMatches(modelImage, modelKeyPoints, observedImage, observedKeyPoints,
            indices, new Bgr(255, 255, 255), new Bgr(255, 255, 255), mask, Features2DToolbox.KeypointDrawType.DEFAULT);
 
         #region draw the projected region on the image
         if (homography != null)
         {  //draw a rectangle along the projected model
            Rectangle rect = modelImage.ROI;
            PointF[] pts = new PointF[] { 
               new PointF(rect.Left, rect.Bottom),
               new PointF(rect.Right, rect.Bottom),
               new PointF(rect.Right, rect.Top),
               new PointF(rect.Left, rect.Top)};
            homography.ProjectPoints(pts);
 
            result.DrawPolyline(Array.ConvertAll<PointF, Point>(pts, Point.Round), true, new Bgr(Color.Red), 5);
         }
         #endregion
 
         matchTime = watch.ElapsedMilliseconds;
 
         return result;
      }
   }
}

Performance Comparison

CPU GPU Emgu CV Package Execution Time (millisecond)
Core i7-2630QM@2.0Ghz NVidia GeForce GTX560M libemgucv-windows-x64-2.4.0.1714 87
Core i7-2630QM@2.0Ghz NVidia GeForce GTX560M libemgucv-windows-x64-2.4.0.1714 192
LG G Flex 2 (Android) libemgucv-android-3.1.0.2298 432

Result

  • Windows

SURFExample.png

  • Android (Nexus S)

MonoAndroidSURFFeatureResultNexusS.jpg